Kathy Hochul becomes NY governor; Andrew Cuomo resigns

At midnight, Kathy Hochul officially assumed the office of governor of New York. She is the state's first woman to serve in that position.

Following the brief and private event overseen by the state's chief judge, Janet DiFiore, Hochul, a Democrat and former member of Congress from Western New York, publicly took the oath of office at 10 a.m. at the New York State Capitol.

Hochul promised a "fresh, collaborative approach" in state government.

"I want people to believe in their government again. It's important to me that people have faith," she said.

Andrew Cuomo, once a towering political force in New York who gained the national spotlight due to his televised daily coronavirus pandemic briefings, left office at 11:59 p.m. Monday after more than 10 years. 

Hochul's two top aides — the chief legal counsel and secretary to the governor — are women, too.

"By choosing two women from the very beginning, it is an intentional move to change the culture in Albany," said Basil Smikle, the director of the Public Policy Program at Hunter College. 

Hochul has promised no one will ever be able to label her administration "toxic," unlike Andrew Cuomo's.

The first woman governor has built up goodwill with state lawmakers but the glow will quickly fade as the race for governor approaches in 2022, according to political strategist Hank Sheinkopf.

"After the period of good feeling is over, the knives will be out," Sheinkopf said. "Why? Everybody wants to be governor and now there's a chance that anybody can be governor."

RELATED: Cuomo's Last Day: Scandal-plagued governor to officially resign

Cuomo used his final address on his last day in office to take another swipe at the state attorney general's investigation, which concluded that Cuomo sexually harassed 11 women.

He denies the allegations in the report that triggered his resignation.

August 24, 2021 - Albany, NY - Governor Kathy Hochul is sworn-in as New York State's 57th Governor by Chief Judge Janet DiFiore during a midnight ceremony at the New York State Capitol. First Gentleman Bill Hochul holds the Bible.

August 24, 2021 - Albany, NY - Governor Kathy Hochul is sworn-in as New York State's 57th Governor by Chief Judge Janet DiFiore during a midnight ceremony at the New York State Capitol. First Gentleman Bill Hochul holds the Bible. (Mike Groll/Office

"The attorney general's report was designed to be a political firecracker on an explosive topic and it worked," Cuomo said.

Cuomo's top aide, Melissa DeRosa, said in a statement that her boss probably won't run again.

RELATED: Cuomo says 'political firecracker' blew up his governorship

"Between HUD, AG & his time as governor, Andrew Cuomo has spent nearly 25 years in public service. And the way he does it, its [sic] 24 hours a day, 7 days a week," DeRosa said. "He is exploring a number of options, but has no interest in running for office again."

Sheinkopf said Cuomo has no political future "right now." 

"Hopefully, he has a future somewhere likely in, who knows, philanthropy or something related to helping people, which is where he came from before," he said. "But does he have a future in politics? Not today. It will be a very long time before people forget any of this."

August 24, 2021 - Albany, NY - Governor Kathy Hochul is sworn-in as New York State's 57th Governor by Chief Judge Janet DiFiore during a midnight ceremony at the New York State Capitol. Also pictured are First Gentleman Bill Hochul , Katie Hochul and Matt Gloudeman, and Will and Christina Hochul.

August 24, 2021 - Albany, NY - Governor Kathy Hochul is sworn-in as New York State's 57th Governor by Chief Judge Janet DiFiore during a midnight ceremony at the New York State Capitol. Also pictured are First Gentleman Bill Hochul , Katie Hochul and

For months, the Democrat saw his political clout dwindle and his ambitions for national office evaporate as he became embroiled in controversies, including disturbing accusations of sexually harassing women and troubling allegations of covering up data on coronavirus deaths linked to nursing homes.

Attorney General Letitia James announced on August 3, 2021, that an investigation into Cuomo found that he sexually harassed several current and former state employees, many of whom were young women.

The women had accused Cuomo of subjecting them to inappropriate kisses and touching or inappropriate sexual remarks. The nearly five-month investigation, conducted by two outside lawyers who spoke to 179 people, found that the Cuomo administration was a "hostile work environment" and that it was "rife with fear and intimidation."

James issued a statement Tuesday about Hochul's new role.

"Today is a historic day for New Yorkers with the swearing in of our first female governor, Kathy Hochul. I congratulate Governor Hochul on this incredible accomplishment and wish her well in her new role building on the progress of our great state. I look forward to continuing to work with her and the entire incoming administration," said James.

Cuomo served one term as state attorney general before being elected to the state's top job in 2010. He was elected twice more by wide margins but will step down before matching the gubernatorial tenure of his late father, Gov. Mario M. Cuomo, who served from 1983 to 1994.

Under state law, Hochul took over as governor as soon as Cuomo's resignation was official She is entitled to finish his term, which ends on Dec. 31, 2022. Hochul, a former congresswoman from western New York, joined Cuomo's ticket in 2014 when he sought election to his second term. (Robert Duffy, who was Cuomo's lieutenant governor for one term, declined to seek reelection that year.)

Who is Lt. Gov. Kathy Hochul, Cuomo's successor?

Gov. Andrew Cuomo and Lt. Gov. Kathy Hochul in Buffalo, N.Y., Jan. 25, 2021. (Governor's Press Office)

Harassment Allegations

Several women have accused Cuomo, 63, of various kinds of engaging in sexually suggestive statements, unwanted advances, inappropriate touching, and more. Most of the women worked for Cuomo either in his administration as governor or in his time as President Bill Clinton's housing secretary.

One allegation was made by an unnamed aide who said the then-governor summoned her to the Executive Mansion, his official residence in Albany, to help him with his cellphone in late December, The Times Union of Albany reported. She was alone with Cuomo when he closed the door, reached under her shirt, and fondled her, the newspaper reported, citing an unidentified source with direct knowledge of the woman's accusation.

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Other women have come forward publicly with stories of their experiences with Cuomo.

Lindsay Boylan, a former aide who ran unsuccessfully in the Democratic primary for Manhattan borough president, in December accused Cuomo of sexually harassing her "for years" and that many people "saw it, and watched."

"I could never anticipate what to expect: would I be grilled on my work (which was very good) or harassed about my looks," Boylan tweeted. "Or would it be both in the same conversation? This was the way for years."

Another former aide, Charlotte Bennett, said Cuomo asked her about her sex life and said he was open to "dating anyone over 22."

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Ana Liss, a former aide to the governor, told a Rochester-based TV station that Cuomo was flirtatious with her but she thought it was harmless. However, she said the governor's office was a hostile, toxic work environment that harmed young women.

The attorney general's investigation substantiated many of the accusations and also revealed publicly for the first time allegations that the governor sexually harassed a female state trooper on his security detail. 

Nursing Home Deaths Controversy

Some of Cuomo’s top aides altered a state Health Department report to obscure the true number of people killed by COVID-19 in the state's nursing homes, according to reporting by The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times.

Melissa DeRosa, the governor’s right hand, and other aides pushed state health officials to edit the July report so only residents who died inside long-term care facilities and not those who became ill there and later died at a hospital were counted, according to the news reports.

Early Political and Legal Career

After graduating from law school in 1982, Cuomo became the campaign manager for his father's first (and successful) race for governor. He then served as a top aide in his father's administration for about a year.

Cuomo then served as a prosecutor in the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office from 1984 to 1985 and joined a New York City law firm until 1988, according to one of his official bios.

Andrew Cuomo in blue suit and tie smiles with hands crossed on table in front of him and US flag behind him

The official U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development portrait of Secretary Andrew Cuomo (HUD.gov archive)

Clinton's Cabinet

In 1996, President Clinton tapped Cuomo for the top job at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development HUD, where Cuomo had served as an assistant secretary. The Senate unanimously confirmed Cuomo, who was sworn in as the secretary in January 1997, according to his archived HUD bio, and served through the end of Clinton’s second term.

A Term as New York attorney general

Cuomo first ran for governor in 2002, hoping to take on Gov. George Pataki, the Republican who had unseated his father in 1994. After initially doing well in fundraising, Cuomo eventually withdrew from the race.

Four years later, Cuomo ran for attorney general and won, succeeding the popular Eliot Spitzer, who was elected governor. During the campaign, Cuomo was asked if he wanted to be the governor and not the attorney general but he answered that the office was a good fit for him.

Just over a year later, Spitzer resigned due to a prostitution scandal, and Lt. Gov. David Paterson was elevated to the top job. Paterson enjoyed goodwill for a time but was later bogged down by his administration’s own scandals and missteps. His popularity plunged, prompting President Barack Obama in 2009 to urge him to not run for election to his own term. And Cuomo reportedly considered challenging him in a primary.

Paterson, New York's first Black governor, pledged to stay in the race but later withdrew from the campaign. That opened the door for Cuomo, who enjoyed high poll ratings, to finally run and win the job he had coveted for years.

Family and Education

Andrew Mark Cuomo was born in Queens in 1957 to Mario and Mathilda Cuomo. He has four siblings. Cuomo attended Fordham University and Albany Law School. He was admitted to practice law in New York in 1984, according to the state’s court system database.

Cuomo was married to Kerry Kennedy from 1990 to 2005. They have three daughters, Mariah, Cara, and Michaela. Kennedy is the daughter of the late Robert F. Kennedy and the niece of slain President John F. Kennedy.

Cuomo was then in a romantic relationship with chef and TV personality Sandra Lee for more than a dozen years. They lived together in Westchester County until 2019.