NEW YORK (AP) - After months of negotiations, New York and its two neighboring states have finally agreed on how to divide billions in federal COVID-19 relief money aimed at public transit.
New York will receive about $10.8 billion, New Jersey will get about $2.6 billion, and Connecticut will receive about $474 million, under the agreement announced Tuesday by New York Gov. Kathy Hochul, New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy, and Connecticut Gov. Ned Lamont.
Transit systems in the region lost more than 90% of their ridership during the height of the pandemic, causing steep drops in revenue that are expected to affect budgets for years. The roughly $14 billion for the region was approved by Congress in the Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2021 and the American Rescue Plan Act.
In a statement, Hochul called the agreement "beneficial to all." Murphy said it will "ensure a reliable and safe commute as workers return to their offices," and Lamont called it "great news for our region."
The negotiations stalled as officials in New York and New Jersey sparred over the formula used by Congress for coronavirus relief, which diverged from previous transit funding formulas.
New Jersey officials had accused New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the country's largest transit system, of demanding too big a share. At a board meeting last month, MTA acting CEO Janno Lieber called the dispute "stupid" and said, "we can't compromise on hundreds of millions of dollars just because New Jersey is mad at us."
Last year, MTA officials painted a dire picture for mass transit's future if the federal funding wasn't made available, and raised the specter of widespread layoffs, service cuts, and fare hikes over the next several years.
The MTA's average weekday subway and bus ridership surpassed 7 million in 2019, with hundreds of thousands more people riding its regional rail lines. Ridership remains down between 30% and 50%. New Jersey Transit's ridership on rail, buses, and light rail was just under a million pre-pandemic, and is down between 30% and 40%.
R179 subway cars operating on the J line. (Courtesy of MTA New York City Transit)