Honorees include civil rights leaders, pioneers in the LGBTQ+ community, novelists, playwrights, abolitionists and more.
"Our parks and greenspaces are critical community spaces, and these renamings in honor of the Black experience are physical reminders of the contributions and legacies of Black New Yorkers across our city," said Mayor Bill de Blasio. "I thank NYC Parks for their commitment to maintaining and creating these beautiful green spaces for all New Yorkers to enjoy and for their tireless work on racial justice."
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The newly named parks include some of the most notable names in African-American history, from Malcolm X to Gil Scott-Heron and Lena Horne.
The full list of parks/facilities which have had their names changed are:
- 54th Street Recreation Center now Constance Baker Motley Recreation Center
Constance Baker Motley, born in 1921, was the first African American woman to become a federal judge and was a leading jurist and legal advocate during the civil rights movement. She was also the first black woman to serve as Manhattan Borough President.
- Riverside Park at 150th Street now Ralph Ellison Plaza
One of America's foremost novelists, literary critics, and scholars and best-known for his novel "Invisible Man," Ralph Ellison was a long-time resident of West Harlem.
- Harlem Lane Playground now Percy E. Sutton Playground
Percy Sutton was an activist and lawyer during the Civil Rights movement, representing clients like Malcolm X. He also served as Manhattan Borough President from 1966-77.
- Hell’s Kitchen Park now Lorraine Hansberry Park
Lorraine Hansberry was a playwright and writer who authored "A Raisin in the Sun" and was the first African American female to have a play performed on Broadway.
- Prospect Park Bandshell now Lena Horne Bandshell
Born in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, Lena Horne was a trailblazing dancer, actress, and singer in theater, film, and television.
- Underhill Playground now James Forten Playground
James Forten was a prominent abolitionist and vice president of the Anti-Slavery Society. During the Revolutionary War, he was temporarily imprisoned at Brooklyn’s Wallabout Bay near what is today the Navy Yard.
- Middleton Playground now Sarah J.S. Tompkins Garnet Playground
A leading educator and suffragist, Sarah J.S. Tompkins Garnet was the first Black female principal in the New York City public schools.
- Mullaly Park and Recreation Center will soon be Rev. T. Wendell Foster Park & Recreation Center
The Parks Department says it is planning to formally rename Mullaly Park in honor of Rev. T. Wendell Foster in September 2022. Rev. Foster was the pastor of the Christ Church in Morrisania. He was the first black representative from the Bronx in the City Council, where he championed low-income housing and served as long-time chair of the Parks Committee.
- St. Mary’s Amphitheater now Gil Scott-Heron Amphitheater
Gil Scott-Heron was a pioneering soul and jazz poet, musician, and author. As a young man he attended DeWitt Clinton High School and the Fieldston School in the Bronx.
- West Bronx Recreation Center now Kwame Ture (Stokely Carmichael) Recreation Center
Born Stokeley Carmichael, Kwame Ture, graduated from the Bronx High School of Science, and was a prominent activist and organizer during the Civil Rights era and leader in the Black Power movement.
- Morris Garden is now Mabel Hampton Garden
Mabel Hampton was a prominent lesbian activist and dancer during the Harlem Renaissance. She was also a philanthropist and lived with her long-time partner Lillian Foster for decades on 169th Street in the Bronx.
- The Oval in St. Albans Park now Musician’s Oval
The oval is named in honor of the numerous notable African Americans and Black luminaries in the jazz world including Ella Fitzgerald, Count Basie, and Lena Horne.
- Railroad Park now Gwen Ifill Park
Gwen Ifill was born in Jamaica, Queens, and was a leading journalist, television broadcaster, and author. She was the first African American woman to anchor a nationally televised U.S. public affairs program, Washington Week in Review. Later, she co-anchored PBS NewsHour.
- Flushing Bay Promenade now Malcolm X Promenade
Malcolm X was a leading civil rights activist, African-American Muslim leader and spokesman for the National of Islam.
- Carlton Park now Harris Brothers Park
Moses and Sylas Harris were brothers and freed Black farmers who settled the community in southern Staten Island known as Harrisville or Sandy Ground.
- Silver Lake Park will now feature Audre Lorde Walk
Audre Lorde was a Black lesbian feminist, activist and writer. She lived on Staten Island from 1972-1987, and at the time of her death she was the New York State poet laureate.