Black History Month: When and how it got started

Each February, the U.S. marks Black History Month honoring contributions African-Americans made throughout history. Since then, statistics show African-Americans continuing to make progress on several fronts. 

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the current population of Black and African Americans makes up 46.9 million. Also, 89.4% of African Americans age 25 and older had a high school diploma or higher in 2020.

Here is a look at how and when Black History month got its start. 

How did Black History Month start?

Carter G. Woodson, a founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History organization, first came up with the idea of the celebration that became Black History Month.

Woodson, born in 1875 to recently freed Virginia slaves, went on to earn a Ph.D. in history from Harvard University. He worried that Black children were not being taught about their ancestors’ achievements in American schools in the early 1900s. 

"Woodson fervently believed that Black people should be proud of their heritage and all Americans should understand the largely overlooked achievements of Black Americans," the 

NAACP stated on its website.

Woodson originally came up with the idea of Negro History Week to encourage Black Americans to become more interested in their own history and heritage and it was established in 1926. 

Why is Black History Month in February?

Woodson chose February for Negro History Week because it had the birthdays of President Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, and Douglass, a former slave who did not know his exact birthday, celebrated his on Feb. 14.

Among other leaders, Lincoln and Douglass have been praised within the Black community for their accomplishments. In 1862, Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which engineered the end of slavery. Douglass was a national leader of the abolitionist movement. 

The first Negro History Week was announced in February 1926.

When did the celebration expand from a week to a month?

Individually, several places, including West Virginia in the 1940s and Chicago in the 1960s, expanded the celebration into Negro History Month, according to the 

Associated Press. The civil rights and Black Power movement advocated for an official shift from Black History Week to Black History Month. 

In 1976, 50 years after the first celebration, the ASALH officially shifted from a week to a month and from "Negro history" to "Black history." Since the mid-1970s, every U.S. president — Democrat and Republican — has issued proclamations honoring the spirit of Black History Month and endorsing the organization’s annual theme.

President Joe Biden issued his proclamation on Monday

More about Black History Month 2022: ‘Black Health and Wellness’

When Woodson established Negro History week in 1926, he realized the importance of providing a theme to focus the attention of the public. The 

2021 theme focused on "The Black Family: Representation, Identity, and Diversity."

"The intention has never been to dictate or limit the exploration of the Black experience, but to bring to the public’s attention important developments that merit emphasis," the ASALH explained on its website.

With the Black Health and Wellness theme, the ASALH noted how Black people throughout history have embarked on "self-determination, mutual aid and social support initiatives" to build certain community clinics, hospitals and medical and nursing schools. 

It noted Meharry Medical College, Howard University College of Medicine, Provident Hospital and Training School and Morehouse School of Medicine as examples of institutions that have aimed to provide spaces for Black people "to counter the economic and health disparities and discrimination that are found at mainstream institutions," the organization said.

The ASALH said other initiatives to help lessen disparities have led to more diverse practitioners and representation in medical and health programs such as the Ronald E. McNair Scholars, a U.S. Department of Education program that aims to increase graduate degree awards for students from underrepresented societal groups.

The Black History Month 2022 theme also aims to highlight how Black health and wellness is now broader and more nuanced in the 21st century. The organization noted the development of podcasts like "The Read," hosted by Crissle and Kid Fury, which has "normalized talking about mental health and going to therapy."

"More of us understand the need to hold down, lift up, center, and fight fiercely for our beloved trans siblings and family," the ASALH said. "Black girls are doing breathwork, and there are whole yoga studios dedicated to people of color."

It continued: "... Black communities must look to the past to provide the light for our future, by embracing the rituals, traditions and healing modalities of our ancestors."

This story was reported from Cincinnati. The Associated Press contributed.