NEW YORK (FOX5NY) - From civil protest, to civil war, to a sectarian jihad, the rise of the Islamic State is the result of the chaos in Syria, according to film makers Sebastian Junger and Nick Quested.
But what about the theory that overthrowing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq lead to the ruthless and barbaric terror network?
"The disenfranchisement of the Baath Party and the dismantling of the military was fundamental in creating a huge portion of the Iraqi population that were aggressive toward the United States from the beginning... and it amplified in the power vacuum," said Quested.
In their new movie, 'Hell on Earth,' the veteran war zone film makers delve deep into the violence in Syria. The film, debuting at the TriBeCa Film Festival on Wednesday, is about how the civil war began and how ISIS was born in the chaos.
"Syria became a civil war in response to the violence of the government. In that kind of environment, radical ideologies are almost guaranteed to take over. In Syria, the choice is either him (Bashar al Assad) or ISIS," a narrator in the film says.
"The material is so upsetting, so incredibly disturbing," said Junger, who for the first time, was not on the battlefield during the filming of the movie.
"I think it's very important that we in this country have an understanding what it's like," said Junger.
Five screenings of 'Hell On Earth' are scheduled throughout the festival. The movie airs on NatGeo in June.